What are dust mite allergies?
Dust mites are small insects known scientifically as Dermatophagoides. These insects cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to them, resulting in hay fever, asthma, and other respiratory symptoms. Dust mite allergy is the most common source of year-round allergy and asthma. Dust mite allergies affect millions of people in the United States. Dust mites can be found in almost every part of the world. Humans experience dust mite allergy symptoms after inhaling and handling mite waste materials. Dust mite allergies evolve as a result of protein exposure from dust mite excretions. These proteins function as allergens (substances that can elicit an immune response) and trigger the immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody to be generated. IgE causes an allergic inflammatory reaction. Book your appointment online with a top ent specialist in Gurgaon.
Causes and symptoms
Dust mite allergies cause symptoms that last as long as the mites are present. Unfortunately, complete avoidance of this insect is nearly impossible. Individuals experience different allergy symptoms. Some may have no symptoms, and others have a runny or stuffy nose, itchy watery eyes, sneezing, wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath, which may lead to more severe breathing difficulties and infection.
Fortunately, dust mite allergies may be effectively managed with drugs and environmental changes.
Dust mite allergies, if left untreated, may cause extreme asthma and respiratory distress or failure. Seek medical attention right away if you’re having trouble managing the symptoms of a runny nose, sneezing, wheezing, or coughing. Get urgent medical attention (call 911) if you are experiencing extreme symptoms such as sweating and severe trouble breathing, which could be accompanied by pale or blue lips and a rapid heart rate.
Get urgent medical attention if you are experiencing extreme symptoms such as sweating and severe trouble breathing, which could be accompanied by pale or blue lips and a rapid heart rate.
Dust mite allergies cause nasal passage inflammation and can lead to asthma, resulting in a variety of symptoms. Individuals may experience varying degrees of severity, and symptoms may occur on a regular or less frequent basis. However, asthma symptoms can worsen at any time.
Dust mite allergies are often associated with the following symptoms:
The most common symptoms of dust mite allergies are respiratory system inflammation which includes:
- Itching in the nose, throat, or roof of the mouth
- Feet that are itchy, swollen, or watery
- A postnasal drip is a form of postnasal drip.
- Nose bleeds
- Nasal cough or stuffy nose
If your dust mite allergy leads to your asthma, you might also experience the following symptoms:
- Breathing difficulties
- Disruptions in sleep
- Sneezing (whistling sound made with breathing)
- Serious symptoms that could signify a potentially fatal condition
- Asthma can be life-threatening in some situations.
- Pain or pressure in the chest
- Confusion or lack of consciousness, even for a short period
- Extremely rapid heart rhythm (tachycardia)
- Breathing problems, such as shortness of breath or fast breathing (tachypnea)
What is the source of dust mite allergies?
Dust mite allergies are caused by the dust mites themselves (Dermatophagoides family). Dust mites live in dust and feed on skin cells shed by humans and animals. Dust mites find a natural home in the inner layers of furniture cushions, carpets, and bed linen fibers. Mites feed on skin cells and generate waste as a result. Dust mite waste is what causes allergic reactions in people who are allergic to dust mites. As a result, dust mite allergies are more common in dust mite–allergic people who inhale these particles regularly. High levels of dust mite exposure in children are a significant contributor to the development of asthma.
When your immune system responds to foreign material, such as pollen, pet dander, or dust mites, you have an allergic reaction. Antibodies are proteins produced by your immune system. Any of these antibodies defend you against invading organisms that may make you ill or cause an infection. When you have allergies, the immune system produces antibodies that mark a specific allergen as dangerous even though it is not. When you inhale or come into contact with an allergen, your immune system reacts by causing an inflammatory reaction in your nasal passages or lungs. Exposure to the allergen for an extended period or days will result in the ongoing (chronic) inflammation associated with asthma.
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What factors contribute to dust mite allergies?
A variety of factors contribute to the development of dust mite allergies. Dust mite allergies do not affect anyone who has a risk factor. The following are risk factors for dust-mite allergies:
- Excessive dust mite exposure, particularly early in life
- Humid living conditions
- Other allergy symptoms
- Personal or family history of dust mite exposure
- lowering the chances of developing dust mite allergies
- You will reduce the chances of developing dust mite allergies by doing the following:
- Using “mite-proof” covers to encase mattresses and pillows
- Putting in a HEPA Air Cleaner in the Bedroom
- Installing a high-efficiency filter in the furnace and air conditioner with a MERV rating of 11 or 12.
- Pets must be kept out of bedrooms at all times.
- Maintaining a humidity level of less than 55%
- Taking knit and textured fabrics out of the bedroom (bedspreads, blankets, draperies, heavy curtains)
- Taking out wall-to-wall carpeting in bedrooms
- Both bed linens should be washed daily with hot water.
How are allergies to dust mites treated?
The first step in treating dust mite allergies is to seek medical attention from your doctor. To decide if you are allergic to dust mites, questions about your symptoms and when they arise will be asked. Antihistamines, which help eliminate sneezing, runny nose, and scratching, are the mainstay of treatment for dust-mite allergies. To relieve a stuffy nose, decongestant medications may be used. Anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce nasal and lung inflammation. Bronchodilators are used to treat wheezing and trouble breathing caused by allergic asthma.
What you should do to alleviate dust mite allergies. In addition to following your doctor’s orders and taking all prescribed medications, you can alleviate your symptoms by doing the following:
- Purchasing machine-washable stuffed animals
- Changing bed linens regularly
- Cleaning your house regularly
- Keeping hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids
- Getting enough rest
- Using high-efficiency vacuum cleaner filters
- Wiping surfaces that collect dust every week (with a damp cloth or rag)
- Weekly vacuuming of carpets and upholstery
What are the possible side effects of dust mite allergies?
Dust mite allergies can have serious consequences, including severe asthma and sinus or respiratory infections, which can be fatal in some cases. You can reduce your risk of serious complications by adhering to the treatment plan that you and your health care professional devised specifically for you, which includes taking all medications as directed. call us and schedule your appointment for ENT problems with the best ent specialist in Gurgaon.