What is a tonsillectomy?
The tonsils are surgically removed during a tonsillectomy. Tonsils are noticeable glands in the back of the throat. Tonsils resist infection, but they may also become infected and expand. Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils. Tonsillitis can cause trouble breathing, sleep apnea (pauses in breathing while sleeping), difficulty feeding, and ear infections. If you or your child has any of these conditions, your doctor can advise you to have a tonsillectomy. Call us and schedule your appointment with an ent doctor Gurgaon.
What is the purpose of a tonsillectomy?
To treat a child or adult with tonsil problems, your doctor can prescribe a tonsillectomy. There are some examples:
Failure of antibiotic therapy, in which antibiotics do not cure a bacterial tonsil infection.
- Toxic tonsil cancer
- Difficulties chewing or drinking as a result of swollen tonsils
- Excessive and noisy snoring as a result of swollen tonsils that obstruct breathing passages
- Frequent episodes of tonsillitis, specifically more than four tonsil infections in a year or five to seven in two years
- Sleep apnea, also known as delays in breathing while sleeping, is caused by swollen tonsils.
- A tonsillar abscess that is unresponsive to medication
Who performs tonsillectomy surgery?
Tonsillectomy is performed by the following specialists:
Otolaryngologists (ENTs) are doctors who treat diseases and disorders of the head, nose, and throat.
Pediatric otolaryngologists (ENTs) treat diseases and disorders of the head, nose, and throat in babies, teenagers, and adolescents.
Pediatric surgeons are experts in surgery for babies, teenagers, and adolescents.
What is the procedure for a tonsillectomy?
Your tonsillectomy will take place in a hospital, as well as probably in an office or clinic environment. In most cases, the surgery is performed as an outpatient operation. Some patients may be required to stay in the hospital overnight for observation.
Tonsillectomy surgical techniques
Through the mouth, your surgeon will extract or reduce the size of your tonsils. If you have repeated tonsillitis, the surgeon will most likely remove all of your tonsil tissue. If the tonsils are swollen, surgeons can only reduce their size.
Based on your diagnosis, age, medical background, general health, and likely personal preference, your surgeon will advise you on which treatment is best for you. Learn about the various procedures and why your surgeon would use one over another for you.
Tonsillectomy techniques include the following:
- Tonsil tissue is burned away by electrocautery. It also aids in the reduction of blood loss by cauterization, which closes the blood vessels.
- A harmonic scalpel vibrates a special blade with hot ultrasonic energy. The blade slices the tonsil tissues and prevents bleeding.
- Tonsil tissue is destroyed and removed using a laser in Laser tonsil ablation (LTA).
- A microdebrider uses a rotary shaving system connected to suction to reduce the size of the tonsil.
- Tonsil tissue is destroyed using radiofrequency energy in radiofrequency ablation procedures (somnoplasty and coblation).
- The most common tonsillectomy procedure is tonsil removal with a scalpel.
What to Expect on Your Tonsillectomy Day
What are the dangers and complications of tonsillectomy?
A tonsillectomy, like any other surgery, has drawbacks and potential complications. The majority of tonsillectomy procedures are effective, but complications can be severe and even fatal in some cases. During surgery or rehabilitation, complications may occur.
The following are the general risk of surgery:
- Anesthesia reactions, such as allergic reactions and breathing difficulties
- Bleeding can result in shock.
- The spread of infection
- Potential Tonsillectomy Risks
- Tonsillectomy complications include:
- Injuries to the back of the mouth’s roof (soft palate)
- Pain or trouble swallowing that usually subsides after a few days
- Throat discomfort, which normally subsides after a few days
lowering the chances of complications
You will lower the risk of such complications by adhering to your care plan and:
- Before surgery and during recovery, you can adhere to the following activity, nutritional, and lifestyle restrictions, and recommendations.
- Informing your doctor whether you are breastfeeding or if you believe you might be pregnant.
- Notifying your doctor right away if you have any concerns, such as bleeding, fever, or a rise in pain.
- Take your medicine exactly as prescribed.
- Informing all members of your care team about any allergies you may have
How can I get ready for my tonsillectomy?
- You play an important role in your healthcare team. The steps you take prior to surgery will help you feel more comfortable and have a better outcome.
- Prepare for the tonsillectomy by answering all questions about your medical history and medicines. Prescriptions, over-the-counter medications, natural remedies, and supplements are also included. It’s a good idea to keep an up-to-date list of your medical conditions, drugs, and allergies on hand at all times.
- Preoperative research is being performed as directed. The type of testing you receive will depend on your age, fitness, and procedure. Clotting blood tests and other tests as required may be performed prior to surgery.
- Losing extra weight prior to surgery by following a balanced diet and exercise regimen
- As guided, no eating or drinking before surgery. If you eat or drink too close to the start of surgery, the surgery could be canceled because you can choke on stomach contents when under anesthesia.
- Trying to quit smoking as soon as possible. Even abstaining for a few days may be helpful and aid in the healing process.
- Taking or discontinuing drugs exactly as prescribed. This includes abstaining from aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), and blood thinners.
What do I expect after a tonsillectomy?
Knowing what to expect will make your recovery from tonsillectomy as painless as possible.
How much time will it take to recover?
After surgery, you will be held in the recovery room until you are awake, breathing normally, and your vital signs are stable. You may be asked to stay for several hours so that your care provider can monitor for bleeding and other issues. You’ll most likely return home the same day.
The amount of time it takes to recover depends on the operation, the type of anesthesia used, your general health, age, and other factors. It takes one to two weeks to fully recover. Call us and schedule your appointment with an ent doctor in Gurugram.