Tonsillitis symptoms, causes, and treatment by ent specialist in Gurugram

Blog_071720_What_is_tonsillitis-1024x576-1.png

Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils caused by bacteria or viruses. Sore throat, swollen tonsils, trouble swallowing, fever, and swollen glands in the neck are common symptoms. Call us and schedule your appointment with an ent specialist in gurugram. Tonsillitis is most common in infants, although it is uncommon in children under the age of two. Treatment can differ depending on whether the infection is bacterial or viral. Tonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils) may be recommended in some cases.

Causes

  • Tonsils are two tiny rounded masses of tissue found in the back of the throat. They are part of the immune system and are made of tissue similar to lymph glands.
  • Tonsils are thought to help protect the body from infection during the first year of life, but they are not needed for an immune function later in life. There is no suggestion that tonsillectomy lowers one’s immunity.
  • The majority of tonsillitis cases are caused by viruses, with bacteria accounting for just 15–30% of cases.
  • Many viruses, including cold and flu viruses, glandular fever, measles virus, and cytomegalovirus, may cause viral tonsillitis. The majority of cases of bacterial tonsillitis are caused by the same bacteria that causes strep throat.
  • Tonsillitis is contagious if the cause is bacterial, and it may be contagious if the cause is viral and the individual has never been exposed to that virus. In both cases, measures should be taken to avoid its spread.

Symptoms and signs

A sore throat is often the first sign of a cold and may go away after a day or two; other cold symptoms such as a runny nose and cough may follow. Tonsillitis is characterized by a mild to extreme sore throat that lasts more than two days and is caused by tonsil inflammation. Tonsillitis can also cause the following symptoms:

  • Swallowing that is difficult or painful
  • Laryngitis is a form of throat infection.
  • Lymph nodes (swollen and tender glands) on the sides of the neck
  • Breath problems
  • Chills and fever
  • Tiredness, a fever, and an earache
  • Pressure or discomfort in the stomach
  • Tonsils that are enlarged and reddened, with white/yellow pus spots
  • Mouth coughing, loud breathing, and/or snoring are all symptoms of snoring (due to enlarged tonsils blocking the airways).
  • Tonsillitis symptoms normally go away in three to four days, but they can last up to two weeks even with medication.

ent specialist in gurugram

Complications

The bacteria that causes strep throat (and related bacterial tonsillitis) can lead to severe complications such as rheumatic fever (which can cause heart damage) and kidney disease. As a result, if strep throat is suspected, it is important to seek medical advice and care.

Tonsillitis can cause a peritonsillar abscess, which is a mass of pus next to one of the tonsils. A peritonsillar abscess can cause discomfort, trouble swallowing, and throat swelling, making breathing difficult. At the first sign of breathing problems, seek medical attention right away. Tonsillitis can also cause eardrum blockage, which can lead to middle ear infections and/or glue ear.

Diagnosis

Symptoms and a throat test are used to make a diagnosis. If strep throat is suspected, your doctor can take a throat swab in addition to specifically examining your throat and tonsils. The throat swab is sent to a lab for culture and detection of the bacteria that is causing the symptoms. Call us and schedule your appointment with the best ent specialist in Gurgaon.

If your adolescent or younger child has tonsillitis and also has extreme lethargy and tiredness, swollen glands in the throat, armpits, and/or groin, and an enlarged spleen, your doctor may suspect glandular fever.

Medications

Rest, rehabilitation, and symptom relief are the primary goals of viral tonsillitis treatment. It is also important to drink plenty of water and eat on a regular basis. If a bacterial infection is confirmed by a throat culture, antibiotics will be administered to avoid complications such as rheumatic fever and kidney disease. To avoid a recurrence of the infection and to reduce the risk of developing rheumatic fever or kidney disease, it is important to complete the entire course of antibiotics as prescribed.  Since antibiotics are ineffective against viruses, they would not be prescribed for viral tonsillitis. Tonsillitis caused by a virus normally resolves on its own. Over-the-counter paracetamol and ibuprofen can be used to relieve pain and reduce fever.

ent specialist in gurugram

Gargling salt water (half teaspoon salt to a cup of warm water) may provide some symptom relief, as may sucking on hard sweets or throat lozenges containing calming, anesthetic, antiseptic, or anti-inflammatory ingredients.

Corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and swelling, particularly when swallowing and breathing are difficult.

Surgical procedure

Because of improved treatment and the availability of appropriate antibiotics, surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) is less popular today than it once was. Tonsillectomy, on the other hand, may be prescribed in people who have repeated bouts of tonsillitis, bacterial tonsillitis that does not react to antibiotics, or are allergic to antibiotics.

Surgery does have some complications, including bleeding during and after the procedure in some patients. Throat pain and trouble eating are common in the first few days following surgery. It usually takes two to three weeks to fully recover.

Peritonsillar abscesses may be drained with a needle and syringe or by making a scalpel incision. Tonsillectomy is a choice for people who have had a peritonsillar abscess in the past.

Preventative measures

To avoid spreading the infection, avoid direct contact with people who have tonsillitis. Children and other family members should be held as far away from people suffering from tonsillitis as possible.

ent specialist in gurugram

  • Hygiene precautions should also be taken to avoid the spread of infection. There are some examples:
  • Hand washing and drying should be done on a regular and thorough basis.
  • Covering coughs and sneezes with a tissue or the inside of the elbow
  • Hand washing and drying should be done on a regular and thorough basis.
  • Sharing foods, liquids, eating utensils, or drinking vessels is prohibited.
  • Cleaning surfaces on a regular basis, particularly in the kitchen and bathroom.

For any ENT problems get the treatment from our hospital with the best ent specialist in Gurgaon.

Dr. Ravinder Gera


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *




Copyright by Brandingpioneers 2019. All rights reserved.



Copyright by Brandingpioneers 2019. All rights reserved.



Appointment