Hearing loss is a common condition caused by several factors such as noise, aging, illness, and heredity. Hearing is a complex sense that involves the capacity of the ear to hear sounds and the brain’s ability to perceive certain sounds as important. Schedule your appointment with an ent specialist in Gurgaon.
The following factors influence how much hearing loss reduces a person’s quality of life:
- The severity of the hearing loss
- Configuration of the hearing loss at various frequencies
- If the problem is in one or both ears
- Areas in the auditory system that aren’t working properly, such as the middle ear, inner ear, neuronal pathways, or the brain
- Recognition of voice sounds
- Exposure to loud noises or harmful environmental/drug contaminants in the past
- The age of the person
Hearing Loss Symptoms
Early warning signs Hearing loss can be subtle and grow gradually, or it can be severe and occur abruptly. In any case, there are common symptoms and signs of hearing loss. Early detection of hearing loss is important since early treatment is often more effective.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, you should check with ENT doctor
- Request that people repeat themselves regularly.
- Conversations of more than two individuals are difficult to observe.
- It’s difficult to tell which way the noise is coming from.
- Consider why other people’s voices are muffled or mumbled.
- Have trouble hearing in noisy environments, such as restaurants, shopping centers, conferences, or packed meeting rooms
- Had difficulty hearing women’s and children’s voices
- Listen to TV or radio at a frequency that is louder than necessary for others.
- In conversations, do not answer or react improperly.
- Tinnitus is a ringing, humming, or whistling sound between the ears.
- When people talk to you, read their lips, or pay close attention to their expressions.
- Feeling tired or depressed as a result of having to focus while listening?
Three types of hearing loss.
Conduction hearing loss affects the outer or middle ear, while sensorineural hearing loss affects the inner ear or auditory nerve. Some people have both, which is known as a combined hearing loss.
Conductive Hearing Impairment
Conductive hearing loss is caused by issues with the ear canal, eardrum, or middle ear, as well as the three tiny bones that make up the ear (the malleus, incus, and stapes). If there is difficulty conducting sound from the external and middle ear into the inner ear, this is referred to as conductive hearing loss.
Conductive Hearing Loss Causes
A blockage in the external ear, normally caused by wax (cerumen) accumulation in the ear canal, is one of the most common causes of conductive hearing loss. Infections in the ear canal, such as a swimmer’s ear, a perforated or ruptured eardrum, cysts, and tumors, or foreign substances in the ear canal may all cause conductive hearing loss.
Chronic middle ear infections, or ‘glue ear,’ where fluid builds up in the middle ear and prevents the eardrum from moving, are common causes of conductive hearing loss in the middle ear. Diseases or injury to the middle ear may also cause conductive hearing loss.
Conductive Hearing Loss Treatment
The majority of conditions that cause conductive hearing loss are reversible and can be treated with proper medical care, so it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Sensorineural Hearing Impairment (SNHL)
Sensorineural hearing loss is caused by inner ear issues. It is also known as nerve-related hearing loss and is caused by damage to the inner ear’s tiny hair cells (cochlea).
Sensorineural Hearing Loss Causes
Age, noise, and diseases may all be causes of SNHL. Throughout life, everybody loses tiny hair cells in the cochlea, resulting in a progressive loss of hearing. Excessive noise, on the other hand, can harm the hair cells. Sensorineural hearing loss is on the rise.
as a result of repeated exposure to high-intensity noise, either at work or while listening to loud music Sensorineural hearing loss may also occur as a result of conditions such as mumps, meningitis, multiple sclerosis, Meniere’s disease, or substance use.
If your mother had rubella (German measles) during pregnancy, or if your birth rate was extremely low, you may develop sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural hearing loss can also be inherited, and it is possible to lose hearing capacity as a result of head/ear injuries. If you have a sudden sensorineural hearing loss (or some sudden hearing loss), you should see a doctor right away.
Sensorineural Hearing Loss Treatment
While sensorineural hearing loss is irreversible, most people find hearing aids to be very helpful.
Mixed Hearing Loss
A mixed hearing loss is caused by both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. A mixed hearing loss occurs when the outer and middle ear’s ability to conduct sound to the inner ear and brain is damaged, as well as damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve.
Mixed Hearing Loss Causes
Illness, medications, hereditary factors, head trauma, and/or inner ear malformation are all possible causes of mixed hearing loss.
Mixed Hearing Loss Treatment
The conductive component of hearing loss is often treated medically or surgically, while the sensorineural component is normally handled with hearing aids. If you believe you have a mixed hearing loss, you should see a doctor.
What Is Noise-Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL) and How Does It Affect You?
Sounds may be harmful if they are too noisy, even if only for a short time, or if they are both loud and prolonged. NIHL can be obvious right away or take a long time to manifest. It may also be temporary or permanent, affecting one or both ears. Among the recreational practices that can put you at risk for NIHL are:
- Hunting and target practice
- Snowmobiling is a popular winter sport.
- Using earbuds or headphones to listen to music at high volume
- Participating in a band or going to noisy concerts
- Lawnmowers, leaf blowers, and workshop equipment may all produce harmful household noises. Whatever effect it has on you, one thing is certain: noise-induced hearing loss should be avoided!
Long-term exposure to loud noise would eventually result in hearing loss. Loud noise damages or kills the nerves in the inner ear, and is often followed by “tinnitus,” or a permanent ringing in the ear.
Many people experience slight hearing loss as they age, most notably in higher pitches (frequencies). An audiologist or certified hearing care specialist can identify early stages of hearing loss with annual audiometric testing; serious or significant hearing loss can indicate prolonged noise exposure. The results of the tests indicate the hearing level at various pitches or frequencies, including those of the human voice. The second and subsequent studies are compared to the findings or baseline from the first year. Call us and schedule your appointment with a top ent specialist in Gurgaon.
Noise Protection for Your Hearing
Noise sensitivity can be mitigated by wearing appropriate hearing protection. Hearing protection is available in a wide range of models, from simple over-the-counter earplugs and earmuffs to custom-fit hearing protection. Invest in quality custom earmolds or other hearing protection equipment recommended by an audiologist or hearing care provider; wear them if you may be subject to excessive noise. Attending concerts or sporting events, firing weapons, operating with equipment, using power tools, and mowing the lawn are all examples of cases where hearing protection should be worn. If you’re ready to take control of your hearing health, contact our Hospital today to make an appointment! Our experts are available to help you on your path to improved hearing. Schedule your appointment with a top ent specialist in Gurgaon.