What is a common cold?
A cold, also known as a common cold, is a condition characterized by a cough, runny nose, scratchy throat, fever, and nonstop sneezing. It is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that mainly affects the nose and, to a lesser extent, the sinuses, ears, and bronchial tubes. Call us and schedule your appointment with an ent surgeon in Gurgaon.
Common Cold Causes
Viruses cause the common cold. Among them are the following:
Rhinovirus – This virus usually infiltrates your system in the early fall, spring, and summer. They are responsible for 10% to 40% of colds. Even though these are the most common viruses that affect you, they are unlikely to make you seriously ill.
Coronavirus – This virus attacks the human body in the winter and early spring. This virus is responsible for 20% of colds. There are over 30 different types of coronaviruses, with about 3 or 4 of them being dangerous.
RSV and parainfluenza – These tiny organisms cause serious infections in young children, such as pneumonia.
Pneumonia is a lung infection that causes a cough, fever, and difficulty breathing. Any additional signs maybe –
A cough, for example. mucus (sputum) from your lungs, which may be rusty, green, or blood-tinged.
- Chills from shaking and “teeth-chattering”
- Rapid breathing and a sense of being out of the air
- Rapid pulse
- Chest pain that worsens when you cough or breathe in
- Nausea and vomiting
- Feeling very tired or frail
An individual infected with the common cold could infect you. You are more likely to become contaminated by germs or viruses if you touch surfaces or objects used by them that contain germs and then touch your nose or mouth.
If you are near a cold-infected individual, their sneeze can contaminate the air you breathe passively.
Cold infection begins when a virus attaches to the lining of the nose or mouth. The body’s immune system sends out white blood cells (WBC) to attack the invader, and this is how cold is defeated.
Common Cold Signs and Symptoms
When a cold strikes, the following symptoms are common:
- Sore or scratchy throat
- Nose bleeds
- Nose congestion
- Runny Nose
- Wet eye
- A fever is present.
- Muscle pain
- A migraine
- Appetite loss
- Colds can strike at any time of year, but certain factors can increase the risk:
- being a young child or an elderly person
- a weakened immune system
- Colds are more common in the winter, so seasonal factors play a role.
- being near someone who has cold
- A cold is typically not extreme, and it usually goes away after 7–10 days.
- Complications do, however, arise from time to time. Those with a compromised immune system are more likely to be affected.
They are as follows:
- Serious bronchitis
- respiratory infection
- the croup
- Otitis media is a form of ear infection (middle ear infection)
- throat infection (strep throat)
- Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which involves emphysema and chronic bronchitis, may be exacerbated by a cold.
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- It is almost impossible to fully avoid the spread of colds, but you can reduce the risk of catching a cold by taking some precautions.
- Wash your hands often – This is possibly the most effective way to avoid the spread of a cold or some other type of infection. Use hand sanitizer while you are in public places, and always wash your hands before eating. Teach children the value of handwashing as well.
- Avoid rubbing your face – Try not to touch your face, mouth, nose, or eyes when you are near someone who has a cold.
- Control stress – People who are often under emotional stress have a poorer immune system, which means they are more susceptible to catching a cold. Reduce depression and live a healthier lifestyle.
- Keep household surfaces tidy, such as doorknobs, drawer pulls, keyboards, light switches, telephones, remote controls, countertops, and sinks. These are the locations where viruses can be found for hours after an infected person has used them.
- Avoid smoking – Cigarette smoke can increase your susceptibility to colds and other infections. Also, avoid passive smoking.
- Drink plenty of water – Water, milk, clear broth, warm lemon water, chicken soup, and other warm fluids are all good options. These will assist you in avoiding a cold or flu.
- A cold has no remedy, but medication will help manage symptoms.
- Here are some pointers:
- To avoid dehydration, drink plenty of fluids.
- Get a lot of rest.
- To relieve pain and discomfort, take over-the-counter medications.
- Inhale steam to help alleviate nasal inflammation.
For a sore throat, gargle with saltwater. For colds, people use a variety of natural remedies. Some remedies, such as drinking warm lemon and honey, can be beneficial. However, not all of them have empirical evidence proving their usefulness. Cold remedies are available over-the-counter in drugstores, hospitals, and online. If complications occur, a doctor can prescribe antiviral medication or antibiotics, depending on the type of complication. Call us and schedule your appointment with the best ent surgeon in Gurgaon.