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What is a throat infection?

A throat infection, also known as pharyngitis, may be caused by a bacterial or viral infection that causes inflammation of the throat tissues, resulting in redness, discomfort, and swelling of the throat walls or structures.

The pharynx, or throat, is the tube-like structure that transports food to the esophagus and air to the windpipe (called the larynx). Infectious agents of the throat are most often introduced through the mouth or nose. Many of these diseases are caused by viruses, while others may be caused by bacteria (such as Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A Streptococcus). The agents that cause the painful and well-known condition known as strep throat are streptococcal bacteria. Schedule your appointment with throat specialists in Gurgaon.

The most common symptoms of a throat infection are discomfort and a sense of heat in the throat or pharynx. Other structures in the throat, especially the tonsils, can be affected by the infection (when it is referred to as tonsillitis). Symptoms may vary from mild to extreme, and they may or may not be accompanied by fever, cough, congestion, and other flu-like symptoms like body aches. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck are another possibility.

Most throat infections, especially those caused by viruses, resolve on their own, while some bacterial infections can be treated effectively with antibiotics.

if you are experiencing serious symptoms such as choking or severe difficulty breathing, which may be accompanied by pale or blue lips, a rapid heart rate (tachycardia), and anxiety; a high fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit); sudden swelling of the tongue or throat structures; a change in the level of consciousness or alertness, such as passing out or being unresponsive; or a change in the level of consciousness or alertness.

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